Every year on October is celebrated as breast cancer awareness mass With the aim of raising awareness about this disease and its prevention. Breast cancer is the most common cancer affecting women worldwide and in India. “To reduce mortality and morbidity from breast cancer, early detection is important. Women in their 20s are advised to have their breasts checked regularly after menstruation. Women in their 30s also undergo a clinical breast exam every six months to a year.Indian women in their 40s are advised to undergo diagnostic breast examination As well as a regular mammogram (an X-ray test),” said Dr Aruna Muralidhar MD, MRCOG (UK), FRCOG (UK), FICM, senior consultant obstetrician and gynecologist, Fortis Hospital, Richmond Road Bangalore .
The most common and well-known symptom is a lump in the breast. But, most breast lumps are not cancerous. Dr Muralidhar explained that cancerous lumps are usually hard, not easily moveable and are usually painless.
Breast self-exams can be a little confusing. No breast is specific. Many women may find that their breasts are lumpy. Having periods, having children, gaining or losing weight, and even taking medications can affect the way your breasts feel. However, some changes need to be looked for.
Breast cancer may also present with other symptoms. She told about some other symptoms of breast cancer.
*thickening or swelling of any part breastWhen looking in the mirror, one part of the breast may look slightly swollen or the skin may look thick. There may be a lump at the bottom.
* New lumps in armpits – There are small lymph nodes in our armpits that drain lymph from our breasts. They are usually not felt until there is an infection or cancer. Any new lump felt in one’s armpits should be evaluated.
*burning or blurring of breast skinThe skin over the breast may feel loose or rough. Sometimes, in advanced cases, it can appear like the skin of an orange. There may also be a slight burning of the skin.
*Redness or flaky skin in the nipple area or breast- the nipple area should also be examined. The flaky dry skin over the nipple and the deep area (areola) around it should be looked for.
*Nipple pulling or pain in the nipple area- Any stretching of the nipple or pain in the nipple and areola can also indicate a cancerous lesion below.
*Nipple discharge with blood- Any nipple discharge other than milk, which may be clear or may be slightly tinged with blood, may indicate a problem.
*Any change in size or shape breast– Changes in size or even breast shape should be observed with puckering or loss of contour.
*Pain in any area breast– Although pain is rare and seen in advanced cases, even pain in a certain area should be evaluated.
*Other common symptoms include sudden weight loss, loss of appetite, hair loss, bone aches and pains, or difficulty breathing.
“Breast cancer can also affect young women in their 20s. Also, men can get breast cancer because they have more breast tissue. breast Cancer can also occur during pregnancy. Any symptom that seems worrying should be brought to the attention of a gynecologist who specializes in the management of breast disease. Early detection definitely saves lives,” Dr Muralidhar said.
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