Stroke, also known as a brain attack, occurs when part of the blood supply to the Brain is obstructed or reduced, preventing brain tissue from receiving oxygen and nutrients. As a result, brain cells begin to die within minutes – leading to permanent brain damage, long-term disability, or even death. To spread awareness about the situation, its RedressalTo ensure better and support for treatment and survivors, World Stroke Day is observed every year on 29 October.
Elaborating on some of the common causes of stroke, Dr Rajnish Kumar, HOD and Senior Consultant, Neurology, Paras Hospitals, Gurugram said, “Sedentary lifestyle and genetic disorders have seriously increased the risk. the strokes in people. Usually, a stroke occurs due to lack of oxygen, but are we aware of the many reasons that lead to a lack of oxygen? People eat adulterated and fried foods at cheap prices in the market and spend hours in the system or mobile phone at the cost of their lives. ,
They highlighted that stroke is the fourth leading cause of death and the fifth leading cause of disability in India. In addition to the factors mentioned above, did you know that diabetes and high blood pressureAlso, could it increase your risk of stroke?
Dr. Dhruv Zutshi, Senior Consultant, Neurology, Fortis Hospital, Vasant Kunj, “Diabetes and hypertension are the two most common risk factors for stroke worldwide.”
Describing how high blood pressure is linked to stroke, he said, “Hypertension is a major risk factor for ischemic stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage. Elevated systolic pressure is a ‘direct, persistent and independent’ risk factor for stroke.” Isolated systolic hypertension is a particularly strong risk factor for stroke in the elderly and in those who diabetes type 2,
As such, control of high blood pressure (BP), particularly systolic hypertension, has been shown to reduce the risk of stroke in several prospective controlled trials, they noted. “A target BP <130/80 mm Hg is currently advocated for hypertensive diabetics with high primary stroke risk. Available data do not support a specific drug class for primary stroke prevention in hypertensive diabetics." does; rather, tight bp control The emphasis is on,” Dr Zutshi said.
Additionally, the expert noted that the incidence of stroke in diabetic patients is three times higher than in the general population. “In the Framingham Heart Study, patients with glucose intolerance had twice the risk of cerebral infarction than non-diabetic patients; the relative risk (RR) is higher in diabetic women than in men. The relative risk of stroke in individuals with diabetes type 2 reaches a maximum in the 40-60-year-old group, with diabetic women having a higher proportion of stroke patients than non-diabetic women,” he said.
They concluded by saying that there is an increase in both short-term and long-term mortality in diabetics who have had a stroke.
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