Former cricketer Sourav Ganguly’s wife Dona Ganguly has been admitted to a hospital in Kolkata after contracting Chikungunya. “Dona Ganguly has been diagnosed with Chikungunya. She remains hemodynamically stable and nonflammable, and is on maintenance IV fluids,” Dr Rupali Basu, MD & CEO, Woodlands Hospital said in a press statement.
He was admitted to the private hospital late Tuesday night with fever, joint pain and rash, the statement said.
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What is Chikungunya and what are its causes?
According to the World Health Organization, chikungunya, named after the chikungunya virus (CHIKV) that causes it, is a viral disease that is transmitted to humans by infected mosquitoes. The proximity of mosquito breeding sites to human habitation is a significant risk factor for chikungunya, mentions the WHO.
Infection causes fever, severe joint pain, Muscle aches, swollen joints, headache, nausea, fatigue and rash. The WHO notes that the joint pain associated with chikungunya is often “debilitating, and can vary in duration”. “But, in general, it is not contagious,” said Dr Tushar Tayal, senior consultant, internal medicine, Narayana Superspecialty Hospital, Gurugram.
Symptoms of Chikungunya usually appear 2 to 7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. people with chronic diseases such as diabetes and heart disease, as well as those over the age of 65 are at higher risk of developing severe symptoms of chikungunya,” explained Dr Tayal. indianexpress.com,
Dr Tayal said that if a person has any of the symptoms listed above, they should see a doctor as soon as possible. “This is because the symptoms of chikungunya are usually indistinguishable from those of other mosquito-borne diseases such as malaria and dengue; Only one blood test Can be used to definitively diagnose the disease,” said Dr Tayal.
According to WHO, there is currently no vaccine or specific medicine against the virus. Treatment focuses on relieving the symptoms of the disease. Dr Tayal concurred and mentioned that health experts generally recommend patients to rest and drink plenty of fluids. “Chikungunya is rarely fatal or causes major complications. Many people recover within a few weeks. Some may experience other joints and muscular discomfort Which can persist for months or even years after getting infected with the virus,” he said.
Dr Vivek Mahajan, Senior Consultant, Orthopedic and Joint Replacement Surgeon at Indian Spinal Injuries Centre, said that joint discomfort is caused by the body’s immune system’s response to a viral infection. “Chikungunya arthritis can last up to three months and in rare circumstances up to a year. Medications are beneficial in relieving pain and shortening the recovery period. Chikungunya arthritis can be quite debilitating, and sufferers often feel crippled. as they are unable to carry out their normal daily activities,” said Dr Mahajan.
Dr. Mahajan also told that pain is often felt when the joints are not moved and kept mobile. “This is why pain and stiffness are usually severe in the morning because the joints move very little during the night. To ease the pain, do some gentle activities. Apply hot and cold packs swollen areas, This will help with the pain,” he elaborated.
Before taking any medicine, always check with your doctor. “Excessive and prolonged use of painkillers can be harmful to your kidneys and liver,” warns Dr. Mahajan.
Since there is only one way for mosquitoes to bite chikungunya transmissionDr Tayal said that avoiding contact with mosquitoes is the biggest preventive measure.
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