Eyes are the two most important organs that require care. But often, people neglect their eyes, neglect regular check-ups, and routine care like washing, staying away from electronic gadgets etc. There is another danger to eye health. obesity, According to Dr Neeraj Sanduja, MBBS, MS, ophthalmologist, and eye surgeon, the primary effect of obesity on the body is an increased risk of peripheral artery disease and diabetesAnd when it comes to the eyes, obesity can lead to serious “vision-threatening retinal diseases.”
“These diseases develop when the small blood vessels in the eye become weakened and can no longer supply oxygen and other essential nutrients to the ocular area,” he says, when the eyes are deprived of oxygen and nutrients. , then a variety of eye conditions can develop, including:
, diabetic retinopathy
, eye disease
* Stroke-related vision loss
*age related macular degeneration
To understand how obesity affects the eyes, one needs to know what is involved? healthy weight, Your doctor will calculate your body mass index (BMI) to determine whether you’re a healthy weight for your height and age, says Sanduja.
The BMI score is calculated based on tissue mass (muscle, fat and bone) and height, and is measured as kg/m2. BMI scores are usually interpreted as:
– Low weight: 18.5 kg/m2 . fewer
– Normal weight: 18.6 to 24.9 kg/m2
– Overweight: 25 to 29.9 kg/m2
– Obesity: 30 kg/m2 . more than
How does obesity affect the eyes?
“a Body Mass Index (BMI) 25-30 is considered overweight and a BMI over 30 is considered obese. Recent studies indicate that a handful of ocular diseases can now be added to the list of medical conditions associated with an elevated BMI,” says the doctor, including diabetic retinopathy, floppy eyelid syndrome, retinal vein occlusion, stroke-related vision loss , And age related macular degeneration There are all risk factors for obesity.
According to the doctor, obesity is also a risk factor for developing cataract (clouding of the natural lens of the eye). poor nutrition or high blood sugar level — commonly found in people who are obese — may contribute to cloudiness, they say.
“Although obesity may contribute cataract formationLosing weight may not reduce their risk of developing them, as cataracts are also a common consequence of aging, regardless of one’s weight.”
Dr. Sanduja explains that morbid obesity – associated with high internal eye pressure, can increase one’s risk of eye disease and glaucomatous optic neuropathy (the leading cause of vision loss) – defined as a BMI of 40 or greater, or 35 and above, such as high blood pressure or diabetes.
what a drag?
“Stay active, stay healthy, and get regular eye exams,” says the expert. He explains that an active lifestyle and a nutritious diet can help you maintain a healthy weight and improve overall physical and eye health.
“Include vitamins C and E, zeaxanthin, omega-3, zinc and lutein in your diet, as they may help delay or prevent some. eye disease, It is also important to have regular eye check-ups,” he concluded.
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