an irregular sleeping pattern Not only is it harmful to the body, as a new study study has linked it to the development and progression of glaucoma. study, published in BMJ Open The journal analyzed the association between sleep behavior and glaucoma. A cohort study based on UK Biobank data of over 400,000 people aged 40 to 69 studied their diagnosis between 2006-2010 eye disease,
The research noted that compared to individuals with healthy sleep patterns, individuals with snoring and daytime sleepiness (HR 1.11, 95 percent, CI 1.03 to 1.19) or insomnia and short/long-lived individuals had a higher risk of any glaucoma. risk observed. sleep duration (HR 1.13, 95 percentile, CI 1.06 to 1.20), but not Late Chronotype Sleep Pattern (HR 0.98, 95 percentile, CI 0.93 to 1.03).
Study found that snoring, during the day sleepiness, insomnia, and short/long duration, individually or combined, were all associated with an increased risk of glaucoma. These findings underscore the need for sleep interventions for individuals at high risk of glaucoma, as well as potential ophthalmologic screening among individuals with chronic sleep problems for glaucoma prevention. “
here’s what you need to understand
According to experts, glaucoma is called the silent thief of vision as there may be no symptoms in the initial stage of the disease. “The condition threatens vision and has been known to gradually steal vision without warning. By the time glaucoma is detected, the patient has already suffered extensive peripheral vision damage Which cannot be restored now,” Dr Mahipal S Sachdev, President, Center for Sight said in an earlier conversation.
Dr Rohit Pahwa, Senior Consultant Eye Surgeon and Medical Director, Instavision Eye & LASIK Centre, New Delhi said that “The risk of glaucoma increases with sleep deprivation or insomnia“Optic nerve damage related to eye pressure, known as glaucoma, first affects peripheral vision before spreading to the center, gradually causing vision loss,” he said. indianexpress.com,
On average, seven to eight hours a day is the amount of sleep most people should be getting. “Anything outside this range could mean either too little or too much sleep,” Pahwa said. poor sleep Irregular work schedules, staying up too late, watching too much TV before bed, consuming coffee the night before, and eating too late or too close to bedtime can lead to heartburn and sleepiness may disrupt the pattern.
Sleep apnea is associated with repeated drops in oxygen levels while sleeping. “It is one of the trigger factors for glaucoma in susceptible individuals. Repeated fall in oxygen levels can also lead to neovascularization which further increases the risk of glaucoma,” said Dr. Ravi Shekhar Jha, director and chief , Pulmonology, Fortis Hospital, Faridabad said.
Although the exact cause is unknown, people who have sleep apnea “may be 10 times more likely” to develop glaucoma. “It is still necessary for someone to see a doctor” sleep problemsPahwa further added that regular checkups by an ophthalmologist are important “as the damage to vision caused by glaucoma can be prevented with its early detection and timely treatment”.
Emphasizing the need for ophthalmology check-up, Dr Rajat Goel, Consultant Ophthalmologist, Ujala Cygnus Rainbow Hospital, Agra urged people to stay away from depression and anxiety through regular exercise and yoga “as these disorders lead to insomnia”. go together, which can increase internal eye pressure”.
How to prevent / reduce risk?
The only way to reduce the risk is to control sleep apnea. since sleep apnea Majorly associated with high body mass index, losing weight is the first and most important step towards controlling it, Dr. Jha said.
“However, if someone is diagnosed with sleep apnea, it is difficult to control weight unless treatment is started. Also, maintaining sleep hygiene is paramount in controlling sleep apnea. Be sure to control your sinus symptoms, if any. sleep time Must be more or less fixed,” Dr Jha said, as he shared some of the remedies:
* Try to maintain a gap of at least two hours from your last meal to bedtime.
*No caffeinated drinks At least four hours before bedtime. no screen time two hours before bedtime
*Avoid protein supplements two hours before bedtime
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