Migraines are often dismissed as ‘just a headache’. However, it is much more than that and needs immediate attention. According to a 2019 study by Lancet Global Health, more than 213 million people in India were found to be suffering from migraine in that year. Its prevalence was higher among women, contributing to 60 percent of cases.
Dr AV Srinivasan, an emeritus professor at MGR Medical University, President of the Indian Academy of Neurology, Chennai in 2017 said, “Globally and in India, some people report headache For doctors because they think they can manage it in less time. Ignorance about classical symptom analysis results in a lack of treatment. People tend to think of a migraine as ‘just a headache’, which can snowball into a serious condition in the long run, if not taken care of properly. When people ignore classical traits, they are most likely to engage in chronic migraine,
Before understanding the treatment, it is important to differentiate between the three types of headaches, in order to manage and treat the condition well.
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tension headache: it’s like static pain or headache. The pain can be distracting, but not debilitating. In this type of headache, there is mild to moderate pain or pressure in the front, top, or sides of the head.
Classical Migraine: This is when there is a recurring Headache Which comes later or simultaneously in the form of sensory disturbances called ‘aura’. Aura migrans can look like a small hole of light, sometimes bright geometric lines and shapes, in one’s visual field.
Common Migraines: A migraine without aura is a typical migraine. These migraines are more common than others. One can have them several times a week or even once a year, and about 1 in 3 people with migraines have an aura, but this is not likely to happen every time.
To effectively deal with migraines, Dr. Srinivasan suggests following the ‘3C model’.
The 3C Model of Migraine Management
“Confronting the problem and acknowledging the migraine, followed by ‘compliance’ with medication and ‘treating or controlling’ the point of intersection of the three migraine,” he explained.
According to expert, this model in migraine management begins competition with condition. In it, “one acknowledges the problem and uses coping techniques such as relieving stress, exercising regularly, sleeping OK, and maintaining a diary to identify migraine triggers.”
the match is after compliance accurate and timely Medicine, “Unfortunately, patients often respond poorly to preventive treatment and are less compliant with long-term medications,” he said.
is the last c to control Migraine. Dr Srinivasan said the situation can be contained and controlled by taking preventive measures. “It must be understood that migraine is a lifelong chronic disease as such” diabetes, It is not curable, but is preventable and controllable. Understanding the signs and symptoms of the condition can help the patient to identify the condition early.”
Dr Joy D Desai, Consulting Neurologist, Jaslok Hospital, Mumbai said that “With advanced treatments, migraine can be prevented and properly controlled. Another important factor is to take care of one’s lifestyle. Adequate with sleep, hydrationThe burden of migraine can be reduced by exercise and equanimity.”
They concluded that early diagnosis is important and that making adequate lifestyle changes can lead to a nearly ‘migraine-free’ life.
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