Actor-comedian Raju Srivastava’s death after being hospitalized for more than 40 days has once again exposed the high mortality rate due to heart diseases. everywhere, heart disease (CVD) is one of the leading causes of mortality. An estimated 17.9 million people died due to CVD in 2019, contributing to 32 percent of deaths globally. 85 percent of all people who die from CVD have a stroke and heart attack, Furthermore, according to the World Health Organization, a quarter of these CVD deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.
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With these statistics in mind, experts stress the great need for awareness of heart disease prevention. for example, world heart day Dr Prashant Pawar, Consultant Cardiologist, Fortis Hospital Vashi said that it is an incredible platform to spread awareness among people about preventing cardiac problems and reducing the burden caused by this condition. “Since the heart is vital to a person’s survival, it is important to keep it healthy daily, along with a balanced diet, adequate sleep, and stress relievers such as meditation and yoga. Physical exercise While avoiding things like smoking and alcohol which can damage its arteries,” Dr Pawar said.
Below, the expert also shares some important pointers:
lack of physical activity
According to the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health, a lack of physical activity can increase the risk of heart problems, even if a person has no other risk factors. Apart from heart problemsBeing sedentary can also increase the chances of many other chronic diseases like obesity, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol and type 2 diabetes.
timely treatment required
The coronary arteries are only about 3-4 mm in diameter. Over time, a person who consumes too many processed foods, including fatty and greasy foods, can cause excessive damage. Additionally, if a vital heart artery remains blocked for more than 30 minutes, it can affect the heart muscle, leading to a serious medical condition. it’s a sign of a heart attack or heart problems; If a person is suffering from it, he needs immediate medical attention. In such a scenario, a common symptom is chest pain which should be brought to the attention of the doctor immediately.
The risk of high blood pressure increases with age
Dr Pawar mentioned that in people above 80 years of age, there is a 60 percent chance of them having high blood pressure, The main reason for this is that as we get older, the arteries of our body get hardened, which affects the level of blood pressure. The same can be true for people with heart-healthy habits. Therefore, vulnerable populations should have regular blood pressure monitoring. A recent nationwide survey by ICMR revealed that 28 per cent of adults in India have hypertension, and about 77 per cent are not diagnosed, leading to hypertension. high blood pressure in country.
The prevalence of coronary heart disease has increased in India
“Indians and Southeast Asians are at a higher risk of heart disease than their Western counterparts. It is clear in the generality of heart diseases Which has increased to a great extent in rural and urban India over the past several decades. The rate of coronary events has increased from 1.6 percent to 7.4 percent in rural people and from 1 percent to 13.2 percent in urban population. There was a six-fold increase in cases related to cardiac problems in Mumbai in 2021,” Dr Pawar said.
Today, this condition claims many lives every year in the form of cancer, chronic lung diseases, accidents and diabetes. Some simple habits that can help you prevent a heart attack include the following:
*Focus on a diet low in fiber, high protein and low fat.
* be warm Breakfast Which keeps you full for the whole day. Your lunch and dinner should be small in comparison.
*Be physically active for at least 30 minutes daily, at least five days a week.
*Use stairs and avoid elevators whenever possible. Alternatively, it will help if you choose to walk shorter distances instead of using vehicles.
Get enough deep sleep at least eight hours a day.
* Quit smoking and reduce alcohol consumption As far as possible.
*Practice stress busters like meditation, yoga, and more breathing strategy
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