The body changes with age, and it is often said that bones become brittle and lose density over time. Is there any truth to that? On the occasion of World Osteoporosis Day, Dr. Sai Krishna B. Naidu, HOD Trauma & Orthopedics, Bone and Joint Surgery Fortis Hospital, Richmond Road, Bengaluru answered some frequently asked questions, including whether human beings can progress. Height starts decreasing as in age.
did you get it osteoporosis The doctor said that it causes the bones to become weak or brittle due to the loss of mass and density. “More than 1 crore people are suffering from this in India. Initially, these patients do not show any symptoms, but gradually, they develop back pain and loss of height.”
Why do we reduce height? Dr Sai Krishna explained that this is partly due to “disc dehydration”, which breaks down the spine. “too serious” osteoporosisVertebral fractures at multilevel can cause a significant drop in height.”
Who’s at risk?
According to the doctor, it is a common occurrence in the elderly population and postmenopausal women, “Sedentary workers such as IT professionals, office-goers, and children who are mostly indoors are at increased risk of ‘osteopenia’. This is due to lack of exposure to sunlight, vitamin D deficiency as well as inactivity,” he said.
Dr. Sai Krishna said that “bone remodeling” accompanies activity, which is why it is good to walk an average of 5,000 to 6,000 steps a day. Certain medical conditions such as “systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), patients rheumatoid arthritisimplants, etc., are on corticosteroids – these treatments carry a higher risk of osteoporosis.”
What is the difference between osteoporosis and osteopenia?
“Osteopenia occurs with a lack of activity in the younger population, and is a milder form. Also, it can be caused by nutritional deficiencies (of calcium and vitamin D). It can be differentiated by some tests,” said the expert.
Doctor said one should walk and exerciseIn addition to being exposed to sunlight and eating a healthy nutritional diet rich in calcium and vitamin D. post menopause group.”
“Treatment is based on diagnosis of the condition and associated medical issues.”
* Recommended vitamin D and calcium supplementation in the young population.
* Bisphosphonates such as alendronate, zoledronic acid, etc., for both men and women in the high-risk phase.
* Post-menopausal women will require hormone replacement therapy with raloxifene; In older men, osteoporosis is caused by a drop in testosterone levels.
* Some bone-forming drugs – teriparatide, abeloparatide, etc., may reduce the risk by reducing “osteoclastic activity” in the bone.
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